Jordan hosts refugees from not only Syria but also Iraq, Sudan, Somalia, Palestine and more. Most of these refugees are in cities, not camps, and stay not for days, but years. How will Jordan respond?
Jordan’s real crisis is not the threat of encroaching extremism, but the grinding weight of hosting victims from the region’s various humanitarian emergencies. How much longer can the Kingdom last?
Jordan hosts 29,000 Iraqi refugees, new and old. As media attention shifts to the huge Syrian influx, Iraqis spend months or years limbo, struggling to get by without assistance.
These photos show the range of living conditions for Syrian refugees in Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon, and Iraq. Although much attention has been focused on camps, most struggle to survive on their own.
Among the many consequences of the Syrian civil war, the collapse of one of the Arab world’s most diverse societies may be the most significant.
JARAMANA, Syria -- Hasem Abed is thinking about going back to Iraq.
The small-time auto trader, 32, left Diyala earlier this year after members of a Shia militia destroyed his house.
He says this town outside Damascus has been more secure, but he has run out of money and has been unable to find work. He is thinking of trying his luck in Baghdad.
Hassam Abdul Rahman might join him. Life in Iraq, the 42-year-old mechanical engineer says, "is very bad." But he, too, has exhausted his savings in Syria.
WASHINGTON -- After a stranger snapped her photograph as she entered the Green Zone, Tina Raad's family begged her to get out of Iraq.
At first, she resisted. The Iraqi woman had sought work with the U.S. Agency for International Development in Baghdad because she wanted to join in the reconstruction of her country.
But in the eyes of Iraqi insurgents, such collaboration made her a traitor. Changing her dress, varying the route she took to work and altering her hours had not stopped their threats. When her mother and three siblings fled Iraq, she relented.
DAMASCUS, Syria -- Adnan al-Sharafy sees a few obstacles holding up the return of Iraqi refugees to their home country: the U.S. military, the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees and the news media.
Sharify, an official at the Iraqi Embassy here in Syria, helped to organize government-sponsored bus trips at the end of last year that he says carried 420 Iraqi families back to Baghdad. (The United Nations estimates the Iraqi population here at 1.2 million.)
More free rides home are planned, Sharify says. But finding takers is likely to remain a challenge.
DOUMA, Syria - Mustafa Hamad Rassoul doesn't see how his family can survive.
Back in Baghdad, the 55-year-old Iraqi Kurd says, the money he made running a clothing shop was more than enough to house and feed his two wives and 10 children. But here in Syria, where he came last year after being threatened by the Mahdi Army, the food and cash assistance his family receives doesn't last the month.
Rassoul blames the United States.
AMMAN, Jordan - Najim Abid Hajwal has been having a difficult time renewing his passport.
He submitted his paperwork at the Iraqi Embassy here but was told days later that he was a wanted man back home in Iraq. It turned out that the Interior Ministry was after someone with a similar name. He submitted a new set of papers to prove his identity but was issued a passport with a wrong name.
It's enough to make an Iraqi nostalgic for the good old days.
"Under Saddam, a ministry was a ministry," Hajwal says. "It functioned. It served the people.
DAMASCUS, Syria -- These refugees aren't in camps. And that's making it more difficult for aid workers to address their growing needs.
The great majority of Iraqis who have come to Syria have settled in and around the capital. Most have disappeared into the cosmopolitan population of this Middle Eastern hub; many are intentionally keeping their profiles low, for fear of being caught, detained, and sent back to Iraq.
The pattern is the same in Jordan, Lebanon and other Iraqi neighbors.
AMMAN, Jordan -- Najim Abid Hajwal thought he would be back in Baghdad by now.
The 49-year-old businessman fled Iraq after a worker in one of his factories warned that his name had appeared on a local hit list. He needed no convincing: By then, he says, two of his sons had narrowly escaped kidnappers, and a brother and a nephew had been shot to death.
Still, he expected the exile to be brief. Packing up his wife and their seven children, he imagined a sojourn lasting weeks.
That was four years ago.