Their men fight at the frontlines, but by blood and marriage, these women played a crucial role in the Marawi siege and the establishment of an ISIS caliphate in the Philippines.
Many women are radicalized on Facebook, and an expert says they are now a permanent part of the jihadi structure.
From hapless accomplices, some women are becoming willing and enthusiastic actors in jihad. Today, the emerging face of the radicalized extremist is female.
Rullie Rian Zeke and Ulfah Handayani Saleh were members of the Indonesian ISIS-linked terrorist group Jamaah Ansharut Daulah.
Palm oil is a multibillion-dollar industry for Indonesia. But the people responsible for its production are not the ones reaping the riches.
Growing up in the Philippines, Willy Leyba dreamed of one day having her own beauty salon. She never imagined she would open one in Paris.
In Qatar and other Gulf countries, mostly low skilled migrant women pay the price for the crime of zina, which criminalizes unmarried sex and pregnancy out of wedlock.
For migrant workers, failing to pay off loans can mean jail time and loss of income.
In the Middle East, an unregulated labor market gives employers extensive control over workers, but limits workers from airing grievances and complaints.
Zina laws treat sex and pregnancy out of wedlock as crimes punishable by imprisonment. But without means to seek legal recourse, it is mostly low-skilled migrant woman who face charges.
Labor migrants comprise about 90 percent of Qatar's population.
A new study offers interesting insights. It also debunks fallacies.