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Story Publication logo May 15, 2024

Coastal Communities on the Frontline of the Climate Crisis — Struisbaai


Scientists say the seismic surveys used to locate oil and gas are harmful to marine life.


Em Newman stands in front of her boat while her two young children play in the sand at the Struisbaai harbour on February 6, 2024. Em wants to be the first woman skipper in Struisbaai and wants to pilot a chukkie, just like her father does, and like her grandfather did. Image by Barry Christianson. South Africa.

This series of photo essays explores the relationships between the people living in various coastal communities and the ocean, in each of South Africa’s coastal provinces.

Daily Maverick will publish a series of four photo essays this week. This is part three.

Read Part 1: Coastal communities on the frontline of the climate crisis — Dwesa-Cwebe in Hobeni, Eastern Cape

Read Part 2: Coastal communities on the frontline of the climate crisis — Hondeklip Bay, Northern Cape

At 5am in the cold, fishermen gathered at the Struisbaai harbour, less than 10km from the southernmost tip of Africa. In the water, lights created a green glow around moving boats as they went off to the Agulhas banks in search of yellowtail. The diesel engine in Martinus “Oom T” Newman’s traditional fishing boat, called a chukkie, chugged away as he skilfully moved the wooden plank attached to the rudder this way and that with his feet, navigating the oncoming swells as we headed out to sea, leaving the harbour lights behind.

“I have an immense sentimental attachment to the sea. My father and grandfather both [loved] the sea. Sea water ran through their veins. In 1975 I started going to sea. It’s the most amazing feeling, even though you don’t make millions of rands. It’s about the love and satisfaction that comes from fishing,” says Newman. 

At the age of 65, Newman is still going strong. “Weltevrede,” the boat his father commissioned to be built and then piloted from Stomneusbaai harbour on the West Coast on a 400km journey to Struisbaai, now belongs to him. His father, now in his eighties, stopped fishing just over a year ago. Newman has since passed the fishing bug onto his youngest son, Jr, who skippers a newer ski-boat. 

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Emily, Newman’s wife, is also a fisher. She works at Abalobi, a company that supports fisher livelihoods through selling high-value catches to restaurants and private buyers, doing quality assurance. “If the fishers don’t go to sea, we can’t work,” she says.  

TotalEnergies was given authorisation to drill exploratory wells in Block 5/6/7 off the coast between Cape Point and Cape Agulhas. Newman says, “The changes in the fish patterns as a result of global warming is a big concern for us because our only source of income is the sea.” 

While all fishers are affected by the adverse weather, chukkie skippers are under further pressure because, lately, yellowtail has seemed to move further away from the Struisbaai harbour, making the journey untenable for the comparatively slow-moving boats. 

However, the increasing pressure does little to dampen their relationship with the sea. Along with livelihoods, the sea is also the source of intergenerational identity for Newman and other Struisbaai fishers like him. Identities that they inherited from their parents and passed on to their children.

February 4, 2024: Fishing boats leave the Struisbaai harbour before 5am. Image by Barry Christianson. South Africa.

February 4, 2024: Crewmen on Martinus “Oom T” Newman’s boat joke around as they head back to the harbour. Chukkies are the traditional fishing vessels that are large enough to accommodate 10 crewmen, making them an important source of income in the community. Their engines tend to be less powerful than their newer ski-boat counterparts. Their larger size also makes them less agile in the water. This leaves experienced skippers such as Oom T with a strong sense of pride. Image by Barry Christianson. South Africa.

February 4, 2024: Emily Newman, Oom T’s wife, and their daughter Em work at the Abalobi factory in Struisbaai. Mimmie, Emily Newman’s nickname, has been fishing all her life as well, preferring rivers to the open sea. Image by Barry Christianson. South Africa.

February 5, 2024: Chukkies lay anchored in the Struisbaai harbour. The boats are a source of pride for the community. Pictures of them can be seen all over the little town. Image by Barry Christianson. South Africa.

February 5, 2024: Martinus Newman’s father, Adriaan van der Berg, known by his nickname Serani, has been a fisher all his life. Now at 82 years old, he stopped fishing this year. His legs aren’t as good as they used to be. He misses fishing every day, but gets a lot of joy out of going to the harbour and watching the boats. Image by Barry Christianson. South Africa.

February 5, 2024: Martinus Newman catches octopus for use as bait. Image by Barry Christianson. South Africa.

February 5, 2024: Martinus Newman’s son Jr is a fisher as well. While not at sea, his boat Braveheart is invariably parked in front of their home. Image by Barry Christianson. South Africa.

From left: Hendrik Martinus, Cliveen van der Berg, and Alvina Gabriels process yellowtail at the Struisbaai harbour one evening. Image by Barry Christianson. South Africa, 2024.

Emily Newman fries yellowtail fillets for dinner. Image by Barry Christianson. South Africa, 2024.

February 5, 2024: Martinus Newman and his son Jr debrief after a long day of fishing and catching octopus. Image by Barry Christianson. South Africa.


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Environment and Climate Change

Environment and Climate Change
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Extractive Industries

Extractive Industries
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Labor Rights

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