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Project May 15, 2018

China: Shifting from a One-Child Policy to a Two-Child Policy


Image by Argentina Vanderhorst. China, 2018.
Image by Argentina Vanderhorst. China, 2018.

After almost four decades, the one-child policy that controlled women reproductive rights in China ended in 2015. The government is now targeting women—mostly educated women—to have more than one child.

According to the National Bureau of Statistics, the working age population decreased in 2012 by 3.45 million, in 2013 by 2.44 million, and in 2014 by 3.71 million. The government feared there would not be enough young people to support retirees and that the country would experience lower economic growth. The two-child policy was a way to address this.

Argentina Maria-Vanderhost traveled to Shanghai and Beijing to research how China's one-child and two-child policies have affected the country's gender balance and gender norms.


Three women grouped together: an elderly woman smiling, a transwoman with her arms folded, and a woman holding her headscarf with a baby strapped to her back.


Gender Equality

Gender Equality