The naval buildup in the Caspian Sea is amplifying regional tensions. It's Russia versus Iran, with three post-Soviet states—and trillions of dollars in oil—in the middle.
Kazakhstan is placing bets on making Aktau a transportation hub—planning a massive expansion and setting up an economic zone with low tax rates. The U.S. will be key to jumpstarting this development.
Kazakhstan's ambitious president, Nursultan Nazarbayev, is spending freely on new weapons. He also wants his country to build a world-class armaments industry.
At KADEX, Kazakhstan's military exposition hosted near the capital of Astana, the country's plans to beef up its military were on display.