At its centennial mark, Anglo American's international mining empire faces a mixed legacy.
A 21-month investigation unveils never-before-seen statistics on South Africa's mine closure system in which money is held for remediation but is never used as mines are not properly closed.
As the world slowly moves away from coal-fired and other fossil fuel-based electricity generation, South Africa sits at a crossroads in determining its future energy portfolio.
South Africa's mining industry is slowly abandoned, a trend captured in this photo essay for Johannesburg's Saturday Star newspaper.
Land in South Africa is often owned communally, a fact which international mining houses exploit by cutting deals with traditional authorities.
A 19-month investigation exposes South Africa's failure to stop the ongoing pollution from coal mines that have been shut down.
About 13 percent of South Africa is still held as communal land. International mining houses often cut deals with leaders of these lands to get access for new operations.
Eschewing public consultation, the ministers of the environment and mining in South Africa sign a deal to allow coal mining in a legally protected environment.
Delegates from mining communities across the globe met in Cape Town to discuss their grievances and protest the international mining industry.
International factors are squeezing South African coal miners, leading to smaller profit margins and a corresponding shift to junior miners that often abandon mines.
As Africa's largest utility shifts its policies and the world slowly moves toward renewables, South Africa's coal mines are increasingly abandoned.
The cost of attending university has been increasing around 10 percent annually in South Africa, and students and their families are finding it difficult to keep up.
The black rhino is emblematic of how civil war and corruption in Africa decimate endangered animal populations and rob local economies of potential sources of income. Black rhinos have declined from 65,000 in 1970 to 4,000 today due to crises in Mozambique, Angola, and, now, Zimbabwe.