In the 1970s, the Indigenous people of Panará were uprooted from their land due to the construction of the BR-163 highway connecting Cuiabá to Santarém. This highway construction project was part of the National Integration Program initiated by the Brazilian Military Dictatorship (1964-1985). The Panará were relocated to Xingu Indigenous park, and the poorly planned transfer pushed the community to the brink of extinction as 80% of its population died.
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The Panará people, who were decimated from their lands 50 years ago, are resolute survivors who have returned to their land in Mato Grosso.