ENI and Total (like all European biofuel producers) have so far passed off diesel made from deforestation-causing palm oil as "environmentally friendly," cloaked behind their certificates under the law. Not surprisingly, last week the European Parliament voted for an immediate ban on palm oil.
Information obtained by Il Fatto unmasks the two energy giants, Italian and French, which together hold a record number of gas stations in Europe and Italy (Europe's second largest producer of biodiesel after Germany and Spain).
Technically, the biodiesel sold by the two companies complies with the EU certification system. But it is precisely this mechanism that offers legal loopholes that have allowed operators to continue importing palm oil without guaranteeing effective environmental and climate sustainability, even though it is required by European regulations.
This, since 2009, has required member states to replace fossil fuels with an increasing share of eco-fuels to combat global warming (14 percent for transport by 2030). In doing so, however, the EU has ended up incentivizing demand for palm oil to produce biodiesel and the conversion of tropical jungles to palm fruit plantations, contributing to the release of CO2. Over the past 20 years, about one-third has been lost.
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