Brazilian women's changing roles in society have led to a dramatic decrease in the country's fertility rates.
As the influence of the Roman Catholic Church wanes in Brazil, novelas (TV soap operas) shape views on women's reproductive rights. The birth rate—6 children per woman in 1960—has decreased to 1.9 today.
Roads, buildings, and police posts were destroyed in the Dolakha district of Nepal during the Maoist insurgency. But the area has now begun to show improvements in infrastructure and healthcare.
Women who consider themselves feminists in Nepal are often looked down upon because their ideas don't conform with traditional values.
Throughout the world, more than 350,000 women die each year from pregnancy-related complications. Belize is one country that is trying to improve maternal health care in hopes of reducing the risks for pregnant women.
The women of Carmelita, Belize say they would rather give birth at home because hospitals do not allow family members in the delivery room.
After enduring traumatic experiences, women in Belize are taking the initiative to educate themselves on childbirth.
In "Edge of Joy," filmmaker Dawn Shapiro goes inside a busy maternity ward in Nigeria, where maternal deaths are among the world's highest.
"The Edge of Joy," an issue-driven documentary regarding maternal health in Nigeria aired in excerpt April 28th on PBS NewsHour.
Throughout the world, one woman dies during childbirth every 90 seconds . While the United States has seen an increase in maternal mortality, Belize is finding ways to improve maternal health.The World Health Organization reports that, with a rate of 11 deaths per 100,000 pregnancies, the U.S. ranks behind more than 40 other countries . Some health officials say that an increase in the age of pregnant women, as well as obesity, diabetes, and the number of c-sections and induced labors have led to this increase .
Women and rural families' attitudes toward family planning are slowly changing in India, and public health experts in Assam say they are seeing an increase in the use of contraceptives.
Boat clinics in India provide family planning services, immunizations, antenatal care to pregnant women and basic healthcare to socially and geographically isolated villages along the Brahmaptra River. But there are still hurdles to overcome.
A fisherman stands knee-deep in the river as a boat pulls up to the bank in the northeastern Indian village of Tengatoli. A crew made up of doctors, nurses, and one pharmacist grab bags of medical supplies and lug a large generator toward the bamboo homes in the distance.