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Indian Officials Declare Drought Worst Water Shortage in Mumbai’s History

A Mumbai family. Image from babasteve's photostream. India, 2008.

Twenty million residents of Mumbai, India's largest city, are facing an acute water shortage, the BBC reports this week. Authorities have cut water supplies by 30 percent, due to shortages brought on by sporadic monsoon rainfall. If rain doesn't come soon, agricultural production is likely to suffer and urban residents are worried they will have to buy water from private tankers. If the drought continues, the lakes that feed the city's water supplies will continue to recede. Water supplies for swimming pools have been cut and authorities say they may have to turn to cloud seeding to produce rain.

Meanwhile, floods have displaced 500.000 people in the western state of Maharashtra. Climate experts warn that changes in the monsoon and increased flooding are likely to be exacerbated with climate change. Hear what experts think about what is happening and what needs to be done. World Bank Water Adviser David Grey in New Delhi:

World Bank Economist Caludia W. Sadoff in Kathmandu:

Ashok Jaitly of The Energy and Resources Institute in New Delhi: