Unlike most game reserves, the Gorongosa National Park has a natural, year-long supply of water. A vast stream and river system begins on nearby Gorongosa Mountain and flows into the park, creating an expanding and contracting wetland system
In recent years, villagers from communities around Gorongosa Park have been climbing farther up the mountain to clear land for machambas, or small farms. This deforestation threatens the park's ecosystem.
Deforestation on Gorongosa Mountain threatens the year-round water supply to Gorongosa National Park. Trees help capture water and prevent erosion.
Water flowing off the mountain creates the park's unique wetland system – the environment that allowed such huge herds of animals. But deforestation is threatening the mountain and its water supply – and the future of the park itself.