A 21-month investigation unveils never-before-seen statistics on South Africa's mine closure system in which money is held for remediation but is never used as mines are not properly closed.
As the world slowly moves away from coal-fired and other fossil fuel-based electricity generation, South Africa sits at a crossroads in determining its future energy portfolio.
A 19-month investigation exposes South Africa's failure to stop the ongoing pollution from coal mines that have been shut down.
Eschewing public consultation, the ministers of the environment and mining in South Africa sign a deal to allow coal mining in a legally protected environment.
This investigation combines print, photo, a mini documentary and a searchable dataset to explain never-before-seen data regarding mine closure certificates and financial provisions for rehabilitation.
Offshore mining prospecting rights cover 10 percent of South Africa's marine economic zone. With the country's inability to properly close mines, a large opposition movement fears offshore mining.
Activists face uphill battles when they push back against mining companies. Their stories include violence, secret deals, a lack of access to information and unenforced laws.
A controversial underground coal mine in a protected water catchment in Mpumalanga has moved closer to breaking ground after it was granted environmental authorisation and a water use licence.