A young boy near the end of his shift at the Fandjora gold mine. After the famines in Burkina Faso forced families off their farms  in the 1980s, artisanal or small-scale mining took root. It has now become the nation's third largest export. Although child labor is illegal in the country, leaders and entrepreneurs, eager to tap the vast reserves, often look the other way while young mine workers risk long-term health problems caused by exposure to dust, toxic chemicals, and heavy metals.  Image by Larry C. Price. Burkina Faso, 2013.